Grape and vines

vendemmia-lambruscoThe different vines called Lambrusco as we know them today have arisen from the domestication of Vitis silvestris, which developed over the millennia, from prehistoric times, through natural selection.

At the end of the nineteenth century 56 varieties of Lambrusco red grapes and 27 white grapes were described while a more recent study and census has classified them into 8 qualities.

 

VINE VARIETIES

LAMBRUSCO SALAMINO DI SANTA CROCE
he Lambrusco ‘Salamino di Santa Croce’ comes from the vine with the same name . The bunch of grapes is small, cylindrical, thin, compact and tight. The berry is not uniformly big and spheroidal, with a thin, bloomed, blue-colored skin, the flesh is juicy. Its production is rich and constant and its grapes ripen in early October, after having stored the summer and autumn sunlight.

AREA OF ORIGIN AND GEOLOGY
It originates from the lands in Carpi ( in the province of Modena) and nearby land of the southern area belonging to the Modena province . Lambrusco di Santa Croce owes its name to the village with the same name, Santa Croce, in the town of Carpi . From here this vine spread throughout the province of Modena and neighboring lands. The soil here is generous and very fertile, thanks to the constant man’s work for over two millennia.

LAMBRUSCO DI SORBARA
It is made ​​from the vine with the same name. The bunch is loose, cone-shaped, the berries are spherical and depending on the vintage they can be more or less like shot berries. This is due to a floral anomaly which brings to a significant loss of product and the cause is a pollen sterility. Some years even reported productive loss that exceeded two-thirds of the yields. But this is also a peculiar feature of this grape which becomes unique, easy to remember and considerably prized. The yields are reduced but the flavors are much more concentrated. The production is always very short and in some years, even insufficient, but if it lacks in quantity, its quality on the contrary is always amazing. To facilitate its fertilization, this vine is cultivated with a percentage of Lambrusco Salamino, side by side in the same vine.

LAMBRUSCO DI MODENA
The historical origin of the term MODENA given to Lambrusco, is known since 1800 thanks to the production method, which consisted of a blend of the various Lambrusco grapes grown in the province of Modena, the name of the region capital. The substantial and significant trade results achieved in over a century of business activity have turned the wine Lambrusco di Modena into one of the most qualified products in the oenological panorama of the province. This success has led his reputation to obtain the prestigious PDO status.

 

LAMBRUSCO REGGIANO
the Life Lambrusco over the years, has become increasingly important in agricultural crops in the provinces of Reggio Emilia and Modena, producing delicious scented wines, not very alcoholic. In 1971 the wine Lambrusco Reggiano obtained the Denomination of Controlled Origin (now protected) to allow the promotion of typicality and quality of these lands.

 

LAMBRUSCO MANTOVANO
the wine Lambrusco Mantovano with PDO designation, comes from centennial wine-growing experience, dating back from the time of the Benedictine monks. It is produced in two areas separated by the Po river: area Viadanese Sabbionetano and area Oltrepò Mantovano. According to the official production protocol, this wine is made with grape varieties such as Lambrusco Viadanese and Groppello Ruberti and other vines like Lambrusco Salamino, Lambrusco Maestri, Lambrusco Marani. Moreover, it is possible to use alone or in combination with the vines Fortana, Lancellotta, Lambrusco Grasparossa and Lambrusco di Sorbara, for a maximum percentage of 15%.

 

LAMBRUSCO GRASPAROSSA DI CASTELVETRO
The wine Lambrusco di Castelvetro Grasparossa is made ​​from the grape variety with the same name. It is not characterized by a great vigor but this vine has a special feature : not only turn its leaves reddish in autumn, but also its stalk and cap stems . The bunch is loose and cone-shaped , of medium length, with spheroidal blue-colored pruinous berries. The skin is thick, the flesh is juicy, sweet and slightly sour. The Lambrusco Grasparossa grows in rather poor soils such as those of the first Modena hills. It is a strong vine which handles adversity very easily and ripen relatively late, capturing every single ray of the autumn sun.

AREA OF ORIGIN AND GEOLOGY
the vine Grasparossa is cultivated in the dry soils of Modena’s plains and hills. In the hilly area, the surface soils are not very permeable and hard to grow. The soil is made mostly of sandy clay and marl. The production is not very big in quantity, but of very good quality. On the contrary in the southern hilly area , the soil is made ​​up of silt and silty sands on a bed of gravel, being therefore much more porous and permeable. This vine has never spread in the plain.